Camping can be a lot of fun as long as you remember to follow safety rules and use common sense. Though some rules can seem dumb or over-the-top, they could end up saving your life. We want you to come back safely and live to see another trip, so we put together a thorough, comprehensive guide to staying safe no matter how you prefer to camp.
We know there are all types of camping so we covered just about anything you could want to know.
Every type of camper will learn some valuable lessons along the way. Without further ado, let’s jump into it!
General Camping Safety Tips
There are some basic rules you should follow during your trip, and most are pretty self-explanatory. Everyone needs a reminder now and then, though.
- Always use a designated fire pit or build your own before striking up a fire. Without one, it may rage out of control and cause a forest fire. Those can be very hard to put out before they cause irreparable damage to wildlife, people, homes, and the environment. Simply lay down some sand, stack stones around it, and enjoy without worrying.
- Never leave your fire unattended. Even with a firepit, embers that escape could start something that you need to stop before it becomes one of those wildfires that we talked about.
- Do not use a liquid accelerant. This could send flames shooting up higher than intended, singeing your eyebrows or worse. Also, any fluid that escapes onto the ground could light up when an errant spark flies from your pit.
- Before you go, check the 7-day weather forecast for the area you will be setting up camp in. Of course, the predictions change over time, so it is always good to monitor every day and avoid camping during storms, floods, heat waves, and heavy snow or hail.
- Research the climate of the place you are camping in. If it’s hot and humid, bring shorts and tees to avoid heat stroke or heat exhaustion. If the area stays cold, bring warmer clothes.
- Keep yourself hydrated no matter where you are. Dehydration symptoms can be nasty; these include dizziness, fainting, fatigue, and eventually death. That being said, bring plenty of water.
- Do not drink any stagnant water that you find. In fact, it is best that you bring your own that you know is safe. Drinking from ponds and streams can make you sick.
- Pack extra food than you think you will need. If an emergency arises, you don’t want to be left hungry while waiting for rescue.
- Do not forget to bring an adequate first aid kit. It could save your life. Check out this list from the Mayo Clinic to get an idea of what you will need in your kit for any emergency you may face. When you are ready to go anywhere away from the tent, keep it with you. You never know when you will need it.
- When setting up your shelter, make sure that it is properly anchored and that it is weatherproof and as animal-proof as possible. This will keep you warm, dry, and at a lower risk of attack from local wildlife.
- Charge your phone and ensure that it stays that way. Your phone is your most valuable asset for reaching anyone for help if you or someone you are with gets injured or lost. It’s also important that you memorize y our emergency contact numbers or at least keep a list of them.
Safely Camping with Children
Children are not often as wise to the dangers of their surroundings as adults are. Therefore, you should exercise extra caution when bringing them along for your camping trip.
- If you will be in a completely new environment, ask your pediatrician whether or not your child needs certain vaccines. If they do, immunize them and lessen the risk of diseases they could catch so easily without protection.
- Do not leave children unattended. It is quite easy for them to wander off and get lost or injured. For babies and toddlers, consider bringing a playpen along. When you need some time to relax, set one up nearby so they can play safely and you can catch a break.
- It isn’t a great idea to let kids cook over the campfire by themselves. If they get too close or fall in, you will be cutting your vacation short and going straight to the hospital. One slip could have permanent consequences, so err on the side of caution and roast those weenies yourself.
- Dress them accordingly for the weather. If you are staying in a sunny place, for instance, pack a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen to protect them from the elements. Even the mildest sunburns are no fun.
- Teach the kids to respect wildlife by keeping a safe distance. Yes, squirrels and raccoons can be cute, but they will also attack or harass you if they are fed or they feel trapped. Instead, give the children binoculars and let them observe from afar. It’s safer for everyone involved, including the animals.
- Choose a safe play area. Anywhere by the water, on rocks, or by steep hills is not ideal for hide-and-seek or whatever activities they may be into. It takes two teaspoons of water to drown, one fall to break bones or cause a concussion. A soft grassy or sandy place is much better and safer for them.
- Teach your child or children how to react during emergencies. Even the best parents look away for a couple of seconds. In that tiny amount of time, children can do a number of things to hurt themselves. Have an audible signal between you and them so they can let you know when they are in danger. One blog suggests giving a child a whistle. Three whistles indicate danger.
Being Safe While Cold-Weather Camping
Exposing yourself to the elements is always a bit risky, but the most dangerous season to go camping is winter. A number of things can happen if you do not pay attention to your body and follow medical advice. Avoid that by putting these into practice.
- Layer your clothing. Three layers is the general rule for safety. The inner layer will be made of thermal or moisture-wicking material to hold in your heat while keeping your sweat from soaking through your clothes. The middle layer can be any warm clothing — long-sleeved shirts, sweaters, or jackets will do just fine. The outer layer is a barrier against wind, snow, or freezing rain.
- Never wear denim or cotton. Denim does not hold in your body heat, so avoid blue jeans and jean jackets. Cotton is too light of material and will let any wind pass through freely. Instead, wear wool.
- Do not stray too far from marked trails and pathways. In the snow, these paths get covered up rather quickly. When you lose the trail, you could get disoriented and start walking the wrong way.
- If you were freezing two minutes ago but you suddenly feel unbearably hot, do not take off your clothes. You will become hypothermic if left unprotected, which leads to a ton of health complications. Hypothermia can be fatal. Learn more about the signs here and be mindful of any symptoms. If you suspect that you are becoming hypothermic, seek medical attention immediately.
- Get yourself a thick, comfy sleeping bag. Tents provide shelter from cold wind and snow, but they will not trap quite enough heat to keep you toasty. You will be far more comfortable this way and will avoid the aches that come from shivering all night long.
- Wear accessories made to keep your extremities warm. A lot of your body heat escapes through your head, hands, and feet. Gear up with gloves, a hat, earmuffs, a knitted scarf, and wool socks. You will keep as much heat as possible and will be able to keep your fingers and toes! No one wants to deal with frostbite just because they did not plan ahead.
- Eat a diet rich in carbs, protein, and fats. The most effective way to stay warm is to stay physically active, and you can’t do so without the right energy. Foods high in these categories will make sure that you stay energized and cozy.
Safety While Camping on the Beach
Camping on the beach is relaxing and a lot of fun if you know what you are doing. It can turn into a nightmare if you are not careful enough, though. Your trip will be a sweet dream because you are going to be more careful! Here’s how.
- As is true of most other camping trips, check the weather forecast beforehand. When you stay by the ocean, you have bigger dangers to worry about than just a thunderstorm, though those are also quite frequent on the coast. Hurricanes and water spouts pose a real threat to anyone dreaming of a beachside bonfire. If there is even half of a chance that either of those events will occur, it is better to postpone your trip.
- Be 100% certain that the beach you plan on going to allows people to camp. Not every beach does, and you could get into trouble if you try.
- When picking out a spot to set up camp and pitch your tent, take note of where the tide line starts. It will usually be highly noticeable. The sand will still be wet, there will be a little line of coral/shells/driftwood, or the sand will suddenly go from fluffy to flat. After you have successfully spotted the line, back up another 30-50 feet from it and set up there. Now you do not have to worry about getting swept away!
- Anchor your tent securely. Sand is not as heavy or sturdy as dirt, rocks, and mud. You will (ironically) need sandbags to weigh down your posts. You could use those or some big rocks; either way, your tent will have a much better chance of not blowing away in the wind.
- It isn’t a good idea to go swimming in the ocean at night. Sure, you see people do it all the time in movies! Movies aren’t real life. After the sun sets, sharks come out to hunt nearer to the shore. They are not your only problem, though. The water is rougher and the tides become stronger when the moon comes out. You could get lost and drown before anyone even knows you are missing.
- When you go inside for the night, take your umbrella and put it up somewhere. Strong winds can and will launch your sunshade right at someone, making it a deadly weapon. People have actually been impaled upon the handles of beach umbrellas before. That isn’t a pretty visual image, is it?
- Bring flashlights and lanterns. Many beaches do not have lights by the shore at night to prevent sea turtles from becoming confused and walking away from the water when they hatch. Stumbling around blindly is always dangerous, so do not forget them!
- Speaking of sea turtles, stay away from their nests. Turtles hatch their eggs in holes dug into the sand. If you fall into one, you hurt the eggs and yourself. Most of the time, the location of the nests will be obvious because there will be caution tape around the site. Just keep the sea turtles in mind while you take a moonlit stroll.
- Learn what the flags posted on the beach mean. The colors will give you a lot of information about the weather, tides, and marine life. A red flag without a symbol indicates that the water is hazardous to swim in due to strong waves and currents. A red flag with a “no swimming” symbol means that the beach is closed. Yellow flags indicate mild hazards from waves or currents. Green flags are a good sign that the risk to you while swimming is minimal. Purple flags are one of the most important to pay attention to. They warn swimmers of dangerous marine life close to shore.
- To keep your risk of injury while swimming minimal, only do so when lifeguards are posted along the shore. When they go home, the chance of rescue in time to save your life decreases drastically.
- Know how to get back to the front of the campsite. The way is not always clear when you set up far from the path.
- Stay hydrated! On the beach, the hot sun beats down and makes you sweat. You lose all of your moisture, but you don’t notice because you are too busy swimming to stop and drink water. Whether you feel thirsty or not, take a break and rehydrate your body. The general rule is to bring one gallon of water per person per day.
- During the day, the temperatures may be high. You would think that they stay high during the night, but it often gets chilly when nighttime comes. Bring warmer clothing and supplies just in case you get cold.
Camping Safely in the Mountains
The terrain, wildlife, and weather in mountain ranges provide their own unique challenges while camping. We will teach you to maneuver these challenges smoothly and safely.
- Set up camp on the leeward side of the slopes. This is the side that shelters you from harsh winds. Another benefit of setting up there is that the bad weather tends to stay on the windward side. You will be safer, dryer, and happier this way.
- Watch out for the local wildlife. Bears, cougars, coyotes, and bobcats make the mountains their home along with the smaller, fuzzier animals that you may be used to seeing. If you notice any animal carcasses or large feces, exercise precaution and find somewhere else to sleep.
- You have been warned about the more predatory species that lurk in the mountains, but you may not think to be wary of small animals like raccoons. You should not underestimate them; when these animals feel cornered or frightened, they may also attack. Keep a healthy distance and let them be.
- At higher altitudes, the weather tends to get colder. Though the bottom of the mountain you are staying on may be warm, you will get chilly pretty fast. Pack warm clothes for your trip just in case.
- Do not set up your site next to a cliff or underneath rocks. Both of these places pose obvious health hazards. One slip could send you careening off onto the rocks below when you pitch your tent next to a sheer dropoff. Rocks and boulders come loose and fall all the time. No matter how sturdy it may look, you never know when it could tumble down and crush you. Just use some common sense and be aware of your surroundings; you should be fine!
- Do not go spelunking or caving by yourself or against the advisory of rangers. Predatory animals make caves into their dens. You could risk disturbing them. Animals still are not the only thing you have to be cautious of. Caves are dark, slippery, and hazardous all on their own. Many spelunkers before you have lost their lives by being reckless.
- As you could imagine, your cell phone service won’t be the best up there on your mountain. You have to rely on other people to save you if something goes wrong. Let your family and friends know where you are setting up; they can direct the authorities to the proper place if you do not come home. This increases your chances of survival drastically.
Safety While Camping Around Wildlife
We have already touched on this a bit, but there are more things you must know before you go off exploring the wilderness. Sometimes, staying away from these creatures is not enough to keep you safe.
- Practice food safety methods. Animals have a stronger sense of smell than humans do. What you do not detect is still irresistible to them. How can you keep your food and yourself absolutely safe? One thing you can do is lock up your ingredients and meals in airtight containers. This will keep the aroma to a minimum. Wash your hands before and after handling these containers. Oils from food will linger on your skin and anything you touch. Once you have that handled, you still need to remember another crucial thing. Animals will come searching for what you have. Do not leave it in your tent with you; let the bears have the food! Your well-being is more important than a wasted meal.
- One quick reminder — stay AWAY from animals. Some carry diseases that humans can catch. Some can be aggressive if provoked. Others will bother campers in the future if you pet or feed them. Leave them alone for your sake and theirs.
- Before you go, research the different types of animals that populate the area you are camping in. It is best to be prepared for anything that may come. If your campsite is near bears, you can buy bear spray ahead of time in case one attacks. It’s like pepper spray, but way stronger. Bear spray will give you time to getaway. Researching animals will also help you meal prep in a way that may not attract what will be around you. Bears like berries and meat alike. See if you can find ways to make meals that do not involve those ingredients.
- Never turn your back on a predatory animal. This will trigger an instinct for them to hunt and attack. Instead, you can make yourself seem bigger and wave your arms about while backing away slowly. This may make the predator think that you are more trouble than your worth; it could also frighten them and send them away, running back to where they came from. Do not run, and do not be too aggressive. Use this method if you have to — it is the safest bet.
- Do not touch any wild animal, no matter how cute they seem. They can carry a communicable disease. The worst of these is rabies; if an infected animal bites you, you need immediate medical attention. If you are vaccinated within 6 days of the infection, you have a great chance of surviving. Rabies can be fatal in humans. Do not underestimate the dangers.
If you plan on taking your dog camping with you, we have an article that you should definitely read!
Safety While Hiking
A lot of campers hike on their trips. It is a challenging activity that comes with many obstacles, but those who do it safely almost always go back for more! Be one of those people; heed this advice.
- Wear boots with sturdy treads. They will help your feet stay firmly planted against the slick ground or steep hills. Vans, TOMS, and sandals are not made for this activity. Your choice of footwear is important — the wrong pair makes for a miserable time.
- Choose a route or trail realistically. If you are a first-time hiker or you have mostly led a sedentary lifestyle, you probably should not hike a 5-mile trail uphill. While your determined spirit is admirable, it is not safe or practical. You will be exhausted and ready to leave within an hour, and fatigue messes with your mind. You might end up getting lost. For your first time, walk down a fairly easy trail with flatter ground or only a slight incline.
- Do not ever stray from the trails given to you. They are there for several good reasons! They may be the safest route away from carnivorous animals. They could be the only ways visible for going back to camp because the forest is thick and obstructs your vision. Whatever the reason may be, you just need to follow the path you were given. It’s simple, really. You would actively have to try to get lost or hurt when it comes to this rule.
- Carry a water bottle with you. Hydration is the key to staying refreshed and alert while hiking. When you are dehydrated, your body feels lethargic and your brain feels fuzzy. These symptoms are disorienting and may end up with a search and rescue party trying to find you.
- Have your first aid kit packed and ready and in a backpack to take with you. Anyone could sustain an injury from slipping or running into an animal or poisonous plant. Minor and major injuries can be addressed and patched as soon as possible if you are prepared.
- Do not wander away from your hiking group without informing them of where you are going first. Being alone in the woods or mountains is dangerous for any number of reasons mentioned earlier. You need someone to watch your back as much as possible.
- Never hike after dark. Some predators are nocturnal, and they wait in forests for food. Don’t give them the opportunity to have you for dinner. Another simpler reason for not hiking in the dark is that your trail will be hard to see. It becomes easy to wander off the path and into the unknown. This could wind up with you falling and bumping your head on some rocks… or worse. Have your fun out in the true wilderness when you can see and be aware of everything around you.
- Follow all warnings from rangers. These people make a living from keeping forests, mountains, camps, and parks safe; they know better than any of us what to do and what to avoid while camping.
Some campers prefer to go without a tent, opting instead to sleep in a hammock. The experience is freeing and opens up a whole new world of camping options. However, there are safety risks included in doing this. You must know what you are doing before you even try, or the consequences could be severe.
Choosing the Right Hammock
Believe it or not, choosing the wrong hammock for you is not just uncomfortable — it is hazardous. To prevent the hammock from ripping or tipping you over, you need the specifications to match three different criteria according to your plans and your body.
Your body size needs to be taken into account when buying a hammock to take camping. If you are a petite or light person, you can choose to buy a single-wide size. This will hold up nicely and give you space to move around.
If you are a larger camper, consider getting a double-wide hammock. This just gives you a little wiggle room so you do not roll off and hurt yourself. This also works for taller people because the hammock size lets you stretch your legs a bit while sleeping.
A good rule for getting the proper hammock size is that it is at least 2 feet longer than your body. This should not be a problem unless you happen to be unusually tall. The longer it is, the less you have to stretch the hammock to fit between the trees. Stretched out hammocks are generally mildly uncomfortable to sleep in.
A Hammock for Your Plans
Where you go camping affects what hammock you need to properly shelter you from the elements. Since the bottom is suspended in the open air, the hammock tends to be cooler than the inside of a tent. If you are going to be camping in a cold climate, get one made of thicker material and pad it with blankets or an underquilt. Getting something too thin will make your body temperature drop like you wouldn’t believe. That is not something you want; trust me.
Hammock accessories are also an important part of the buying process. In a place infested with mosquitoes, you need a mosquito need to hang up over you and protect you at night. Mosquitoes can carry all sorts of nasty diseases that you do not want to be infected with. A rain fly is basically a tarp strung over your hammock to keep the rain off of you. It is pretty self-explanatory, but it had to be said. In colder climates, discomfort can be dangerous when freezing rain soaks your body. It lowers your body temperature and makes it difficult to warm back up again. Too cold, and you will get sick.
Setting Up A Hammock
The process of setting up a hammock may seem simple to you. How hard could it be? As it turns out, this can prove to be somewhat trickier than you thought. You need a handy and straightforward guide, and you can find it right here.
- Look for sturdy trees to attach your hammock to. These should be less than 16 ft. apart for the best setup. If the trees do not feel solid enough, if they have precarious-looking branches, or if they look sick, do not use these to anchor your hammock to. Limbs and trunks fall and can crush you if you do not use caution when judging.
- Make sure that the ground beneath the trees is clear of rocks, spiny plants, and animal homes. Falling out of your hammock is a real possibility, and you want to be able to get back up uninjured once you do it. This also applies for setting up near a cliff or steep hill. Instagram made it look cool, but it can be fatal with just one tumble.
- Attach properly sized webbing straps to the trees about 6 ft. up from the ground.
- Secure your rope to the webbing straps with carabiners or loops (whichever you prefer.) Double-check that the lines are properly tied.
- Try and hang the hammock at about a 30-degree angle from the trees. This is more comfortable, and it swaddles you more at night to prevent it from being upturned and dumping you out.
- The bottom of the hammock should be no more than 1-2 ft. off of the ground. This gives you easy access and makes any fall safer.
- Set your ridgeline above the hammock and hang up your tarp or mosquito net for protection.
While the instructions are specific and seem like overkill, they are there to help you have the best camping trip you could hope for. Once your bed is secure, you are safe.
Other Hammocking Safety Tips
- Do not light a campfire too close to your hammock. As basic logic allows, it stands to reason that your hammock may well catch fire when sparks fly. Two things can happen if you do this anyway. You will lose your bed and be left with no shelter, and you may catch fire yourself if you foolishly went to sleep inside one while the fire was still going.
- Never load more than the maximum capacity specified by the hammock manufacturer. Sure, it may seem funny and entertaining to see how many people you could fit into one now, but when you all fall on top of each other and get hurt, it does not seem so fun anymore.
- Remember not to hang the bottom of your hammock too high off of the ground. While you want creatures on the ground to stay out, you want to keep yourself safe if you accidentally get dumped out, too. Balance is important.
- If you are not exactly flexible enough to climb into a hammock, choose a safer and easier method for sleeping. Hammocking is not for everyone, and that’s okay. Value your safety and health more than what would make for the best picture on social media.
- Do not put small children in a hammock overnight. They could fall off. They could also potentially be smothered if the fabric envelops them too much.
Safety While Backpacking
Backpacking has become a huge trend in recent years, especially for young people. It is one of the most efficient ways to travel and see the world without bogging yourself down with possessions. It is a great idea, but it takes a lot of thorough planning and safety measures to do it correctly.
Basic Packing List for Safety
Many of the packing items are up to you, but some are essential to keep you healthy and safe. Here are a few suggestions:
- First aid kit. The medicines and bandages you have in there will prevent infections and high fevers at the very least. This should be your first priority.
- Your legal documents and ID. Many countries require you to have your passport on you at all times, so just make sure you do. It will save you a lot of time and potential trouble from the government of the place you are going to.
- Reusable water bottle. Keeping hydrated is vital, and some places may not have clean water easily available.
- This helps you contact the authorities, hostels, and your family in any scenario.
- List of emergency contacts. If you are found injured and you can’t get to the phone yourself, someone else may need a way to contact the proper people for you.
- Extra money. You never know when you will have to shell out more than you planned for.
Backpacking in the City
Backpacking often involves traveling to different cities and countries. Each place comes with new challenges, but there are a few safety rules that can apply to any environment.
- Learn self-defense strategies. You are carrying all of your valuables on your person, and people will try to take advantage of that. If someone attacks, you need to be able to get away with or without your belongings. Take some local self-defense classes before you set off. Knowledge is power.
- Update your first-aid kit to match what you may be facing in a certain country or city. In some places in Mexico, the water is unsafe to drink. For your health, bring water purification tablets or drops. Some places you go will not have easily accessible things to stock up on. Research your destination and bring the supplies with you beforehand.
- Do not keep all of your cash in one place. If you are a victim of pickpocketing or mugging, you need money to afford food and shelter. Whatever they take will impact your life, so make sure that they only get a little bit of your stash.
- Bring two cell phones. One should be your regular phone, and another should be more durable. Again, if theft is a problem, you will have a better chance of contacting authorities or seeking help if you have another line to contact them on.
- Bring a doorstop. Yeah, I know that you have limited space, but this can be marked down as an essential. When you go to bed at night in a hostel or wherever you are staying, wedge this firmly under the door to prevent anyone from breaking in while you are asleep.
- Research which parts of the city are especially unsafe for you to be in. As a tourist, you stick out like a sore thumb. You will be a target for the criminals that hang out in the spooky dark alleys and unsafe neighborhoods. Stay away from them and save yourself the trouble.
- As always, check in with family and friends so they know you are safe. This will give them relief, and it protects you from going missing and never being found because no one knew where to look.
Backpacking in Nature
This brings about an entirely new set of problems than you would face, and you should be prepared for anything.
- Know where the nearest hospitals, towns, and police stations are. If you get hurt, you will know about how long it will take for help to arrive. You may also consider spending your time closer to those places.
- Bring enough food and water. Unlike backpacking in the city, you can’t just go and buy food down the street or order takeout. You need non-perishable foods and enough water to completely hydrate you. Dehydration and starvation should be two of your main concerns.
- Pack what is best for the climate of the places you will be going to. A few clothing items ranging from tank tops to jackets will cover it for the most part. You don’t have to bring your entire wardrobe; just pack what you may need.
Safety While Camping Alone
Camping alone is already more dangerous than taking a group. Sometimes, though, a person just needs to get away from it all. We just want you to be able to come back eventually. You can if you stay alert, be aware, and be cautious.
- Let everyone know where you are (duh.)
- Learn self-defense just like the backpackers do. You may think you are alone in the woods, but there is a good chance that you won’t be. Most people are harmless, but you always need to be wary. Knowing that you can protect yourself is empowering and will come in handy even when you are not camping.
- Sleep in a more secure environment. Tents offer a little more protection from wildlife than hammocks do. Your tent will not be resistant to an angry grizzly attack, but it will at least keep out bugs and raccoons.
- Do not stray too far away from civilization. An established campsite is the best bet for you when camping alone. There will be other people nearby, which can be a good thing. They can administer first aid if you need it, and someone will be able to hear you if you call for help. At least you don’t have to share a tent with them!
- Have a flashlight or lantern with you. If you do happen to get lost somewhere, you have a better chance of finding the path again when you can see a little better. This is also useful for sending out a signal to other campers nearby if the bulb is bright enough.
- Do not leave your fire unsupervised. There is no one else to watch it for you this time, so extra attention is crucial. If the grass is dry and there are trees nearby, a little spark could set everything aflame. This does not just affect you; it affects the safety and health of countless other people and animals that live in the area.
- Always charge your phone and keep it in a safe place. Sometimes, it is your only lifeline if something goes wrong. Have it powered up, and put it in a secure or waterproof bag when you are not using it.
- Write down important information and keep it on you. This includes emergency contacts, but it can also include notes on proper tent pitching, how to safely cook meat, and how to avoid an animal attack. Take notes from this guide if you have to! That way you will always have a reference for what you are supposed to do, no matter where you are.
- If you have life-threatening allergies, avoid anything that could trigger them as much as you can. When you are having a reaction, you could become incapacitated, and it may be that no one can get to you and administer your medicine in time. It is better to be overly cautious than sorry later.
- Make friends around your campsite. This gives you an extra safety net. This will guarantee that someone will want to check up on you, and it can save your life if you are hurt or low on supplies. You never know, they could become your lifelong pals if you let them!
That just about does it for your guide. No matter where you are going and who you are going with, you will be prepared for whatever comes on your journey into the wilderness. There is no need to be afraid when you have the knowledge and general know-how on your side. Be cautious, be alert, and use common sense. We all have it, some more than others. If you forget something, read it again for a refresher. It could never hurt! Go and have a fun trip with confidence. You can take on any challenge you face! Nothing is more powerful than that.
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